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Proposal of a Nomogram for Predicting Survival in Patients with Siewert Type II Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagogastric Junction After Preoperative Radiation

Feng Liu MS, Rui Zhou MD, PhD, Funeng Jiang PhD, Guolong Liu MD, PhD, Kangbao Li MD, Guodong Zhu MD, PhD
Thoracic Oncology
Volume 26, Issue 5 / May , 2019

Abstract

Background

Preoperative radiotherapy tends to be more frequently used for patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG); however, the prognostic values of postoperative pathologic characteristics in these patients remain unclear. This study aimed to examine the outcomes in Siewert type II AEG patients receiving preoperative radiotherapy to identify the predictive factors for overall survival (OS).

Methods and Results

A total of 1818 AEG patients undergoing preoperative radiotherapy were reviewed. Univariate analyses showed that age, sex, histology, tumor grade, positive lymph node (PLN), lymph node ratio, and log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS) were significantly correlated with OS; however, only age, grade, PLN, and LODDS were identified as independent risk factors in a multivariate regression model. Subsequently, patients were randomly grouped into training and validation cohorts (1:1 ratio), and the beta coefficients of these variables in the training set were used to generate the nomogram. The composite nomogram showed improved prognostic accuracy in the training, validation, and entire cohorts compared with that of TNM stage alone.

Conclusions

In conclusion, our proposed nomogram represents a promising tool for estimating OS in Siewert type II AEG patients after preoperative radiotherapy.

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