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Annals of Surgical Oncology

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Cytoreductive Surgery Plus Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy for Patients with Peritoneal Metastases from Endometrial Cancer

Tommaso Cornali MD, Paolo Sammartino MD, PhD, Nikolaos Kopanakis MD, PhD, Athina Christopoulou MD, Marialuisa Framarino dei Malatesta MD, Elias Efstathiou MD, Alessandra Spagnoli PhD, Antonio Ciardi MD, Daniele Biacchi MD, PhD, John Spiliotis MD, PhD
Gynecologic Oncology
Volume 25, Issue 3 / March , 2018

Abstract

Background

More information is needed for selection of patients with peritoneal metastases from endometrial cancer (EC) to undergo cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).

Methods

This study analyzed clinical, pathologic, and treatment data for patients with peritoneal metastases from EC who underwent CRS plus HIPEC at two tertiary centers. The outcome measures were morbidity, overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) during a median 5 year follow-up period. Uni- and multivariate analyses were performed to identify significant factors related to outcome.

Results

A total of 33 patients met the inclusion criteria and completed the follow-up period. At laparotomy, the median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was 15 (range 3–35). The CRS procedure required a mean 8.3 surgical procedures per patient, and for 22 patients (66.6%), a complete cytoreduction was achieved. The mean hospital stay was 18 days, and major morbidity developed in 21% of the patients. The operative mortality was 3%. When surgery ended, HIPEC was administered with cisplatin 75 mg/m2 for 60 min at 43 °C. During a median follow-up period of 73 months, Kaplan–Meier analysis indicated a 5 year OS of 30% (median 33.1 months) and a PFS of 15.5% (median 18 months). Multivariate analysis identified the completeness of cytoreduction (CC) score as the only significant factor independently influencing OS. Logistic regression for the clinicopathologic variables associated with complete cytoreduction (CC0) for patients with metachronous peritoneal spread from EC who underwent secondary CRS plus HIPEC identified the PCI as the only outcome predictor.

Conclusions

For selected patients with peritoneal metastases from EC, when CRS leaves no residual disease, CRS plus HIPEC achieves outcomes approaching those for other indications such as colon and ovarian carcinoma.

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